Korean Alphabet Basics – How to Read Hangul (Part 1)

how to read korean hangul modern seoul

Korean is maybe one of the most difficult languages for an English speaking foreigner to learn, the first hurdle is the Korean / Hangul alphabet which is completely different from English. However it may at first look like a load of strange alien lines and circles to begin with, but in reality it’s quiet (not very) simple to learn. Just like in the English Alphabet the Korean has both Vowels and Consonants, and every complete symbol equals a single syllable. Therefore it is in time easy to learn the how to read Korean / Hangul with practice. This guide will show you the most basic way to read each character.

Firstly you have the 10 basic vowels which appear in every full Korean symbol. The table below shows how to read each in English.

Secondly you have the 14 different primary consonants, again if you look at the chart below you can see the rough English translation.

Finally if you put the vowels and the consonants together you get this chart, which shows the complete Korean Alphabet.

Click Here for a Free PDF Korean Alphabet Chart

In part two we will look at the double vowels and then in part three we will look at the second consonants which will help you learn the rest of the Korean alphabet. After studying all 3 parts, hopefully you should be able to read Korean (at less basically).

For Part 2 – Please Click Here “Korean Alphabet Basics – Vowel Combinations (Part 2)“.

For Part 3 – Please Click Here “Korean Alphabet Basics – Tensed Consonants, Final Consonants, Double Consonants (Part 3)

For some FREE Learn Korean Resources, we would suggest that you check out: http://www.freshkorean.com/free-resources/

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    • Sadly not, Korean is very different to English. 1) The grammar order is very different 2) Maybe only 10% of commonly used words are the same in both Korean and English.

      However, it is possible to romanize i.e. change Korean letters into English, so reading Korean becomes easier. The next step is to understand what you are reading.

  1. Do you know where I can find some audio to go with these charts?
    The problem is that all of the Korean alphabet charts charts I have found are slightly different in how they Romanize the sounds. Because of that, I really have no idea if I’m pronouncing the letters correctly!

    • Completely agree romanizing Korean to English perfectly is close to impossible as the phonics are very different. YouTube is maybe the best option if you’re looking for something quick and free. Here are a couple of videos which you might find useful:

      This first one is maybe the best and is by Professor Oh:

      This second video shows the alphabet chart along with pronunciations, it is however a little slow and draw out at times:

  2. thanx ..i was able to catch up very easily. But it took some time.Now i can read but i dont know the meaanings of it ,so can u be kind enough to help?

    • The most basic way is by using a translation site such as google translate for simple words and phrases.
      However to do it properly, you really need to learn all of the characters, combinations and liaisons. The sites listed above are a good start.
      Sadly there is no quick way to learn Korean😦

    • There really isn’t a Z sound in the Korean Alphabet, but the closest translations would be 제트 (British / Canadian Phonic) or 지 (American Phonic)
      For example Zipper is 지퍼 (Jee/Po).

    • By reading our blog posts:)
      Or just by checking out the key links in the right hand banner bar. Fresh Korean for learning Korean and Visit Korea / Seoul for details on traveling here.

  3. Annyeong..i have been learn hangul a week ago by download hangul app to myt phone. At first It quit easy to understand the hangul but it take a bit of time to memorize. The more i write in hangul make me confuse a little. Okay.. this is my question.. what is the sound in korean for the letter F and V? Please help me.. im really want to master in this language..

  4. why is it this way, ta – all is written 다 instead of 타.

    Also, is this correct 사랑해. Just try to guess what it is.

    I thought ka which means go was to be written this way 카 instead of 가.

    • 가다 or 가요 mean go in Korean, but sound a little like Ka/Da or Ka/Yo depending on your pronunciation.
      사랑해 means Love or I Love you.
      In regards to 다 the older style was to write Ta, but now most people write Da.

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